The opening speech
This is the time when each delegation has the opportunity to provide a brief introduction and address what they feel should be the primary concern of the caucus; this might be a referral to a specific or interrelated issue. Bear in mind that it should be a more informal presentation of the country and the particular individuals that are representing its position, a sort of greeting to the house and presentation of their hopes for the upcoming meetings.
Rights of reply
Following the presentation of the speech, the specific delegate at the floor will be questioned by the Chair if he/she is “open for points of information,” note that though one is given the option, the Chair will push on for replies even if the answer is “no.” These points are addressed in the form of a question, though not purely rhetorical, and the Chair will call upon a delegation with raised placard and grant them the right to speak. A point of information may be supportive of the speaker or may question the validity of the speaker’s points.
Lobbying (unmoderated caucus)
This is an informal activity that involves merging resolutions, debating positions and discussing possible amendments, – the perfect opportunity to share ideas with “allied delegations” and discuss solutions with clashing countries. Lobbying brings into play several major forms of diplomacy for the purpose of communicating and coordinating policies on particular issues with the parties involved. Interest groups should develop resolutions in which they reveal common policies with that of other delegations, which will benefit them once they have the support of other nations.
Consensus and Merging
Resolutions are not documents written in isolation, nor are they the personal property of the original author. They are simply a basis for discussion. They must be drafted and “tested” through discussion with other delegates and teachers prior to the conference, and with allies during the lobbying process. The main aim should be to formulate a resolution which both sustains your delegation’s position and attracts the support of others. A delegate should never disregard this country’s position in the process of negotiation, but neither should he be uncompromising if the end-result is mutually beneficial to the negotiating parties. (Exerted from the THIMUN Handbook) For SALMUN this year, merging resolutions will be highly more important than in the past due to the expanded number of delegates and country delegations represented. Time will be given before each discussion for delegations to argue and merge entire resolutions as well as simple clauses. With this, we hope for an improvement in quality of resolutions and hope delegates will be encouraged to work harder to build a consensus.
In general terms, speaking in formal debate falls into two main areas: the delegate either has the floor to speak on the main motion (as in against or in favor of a resolution) or on a proposed amendment, or he/she is rising to a point of information by asking a question to the speaker, then delegate that has the floor. One must know how and when to obtain the floor, when and how to ask questions, and how, when and to whom to yield the floor. Generally the floor is yielded back to the Chair, but during a moderated caucus session, a delegate might wish to yield their remaining time at the floor to another delegation, if the latter agrees to this arrangement.