From what I have read, the arms smuggling involves mostly Egypt, Israel, and very imoportantly the Gaza Strip, which is where the weapons are smuggled into. But there are many other countries that serve as routes to get the weapons into egypt and then into the Gaza Strip. some of these countries are: Yemen, Eritrea, Ethiopia, and South Africa and eventually meet in Sudan where they are moved to Egypt's Sinai desert. After the guns enters the Sinai, they are transferred into Gaza through tunnels underneath the "Philadelphia Corridor," the Gaza-Egypt border that runs through the city of Rafah. The arms-smuggling network is directed by Hamas offices in Damascus and aided by Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC), which provides the majority of the weaponry. I hope this answered your question delegate of Israel.
has Egypt taken any action before in the past? Has anyone taken action before? This is a complicated problem because it involves so many countries, which use the arms to create even more problems, but obviously the delegates are aware of such fact, and just for the record, the delegate of Israel is thrilled that this resolution will have to do with another of Iran's wrong doing.
From what iv read Egypt has actually tried to stop the smuggling of guns, and people this website might help. http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/1104943.html but there are other website too that talk about Egypt taking action there was one that said that some Egyptian coast guards tried to destroy a tunnels but they end up with casualty because of the smugglers fighting back.
Yes, I've also read about how Egypt actually did try to stop the arms smuggling but, did not put exactly as much effort into it as it should really have in order for its actions to be really effective. What happened is that when the border between Gaza and Egypt was given to Egypt, the smuggling increased quite a bit, and people accused Egypt to turn a blind eye to it, but in early 2008 (January-March) there was this "action" that was set up by the U.S to stop the smuggling. This operation was called Operation Cast Lead, and from this point on Egypt was a lot more careful about what was going on with the arms smuggling, but it still did not put 100% effort into it, and so getting little results. Here is a good website where i got most of the info from: http://www.jewishpolicycenter.org/1355/egypts-role-in-gaza-arms-smuggling
I believe the problem goes deeper then just this, given the fact that the root of this problem is the Hamas providing the guns, which are then tranfered to the Gaza Strip throught Egypt. To put a final stop to this problem the delegation of Egypt would have to talk with the delegation of Palestine in order to make palestinian authorities and government put and end to the weapons making and passing to the Gaza Strip. Egypt alone will never be able to stop this trafficking of guns alone if the Delegation of Palestine does not agree to help out making the Hamas stop what it is doing.
And to remind all of our fellow delegates to what extend this goes, this weapon trafficking has already been the cause of thousands of deaths, including a very large number of civilians which also goes into the thousands of deaths. The delegation of Egypt would very much apreciate if the Palestinian delegation takes a clear action to what the Hamas is doing.
The delegation of Egypt has made it a point on its resolution that the UN gives Egypt a total of 60 million U.S. $ in order to build a fence that is 2 kilometers wide between Egypt and the Gaza Strip making it much more difficult to have tunnels running under it. We believe this will slow down the arms smuggling a great deal.
The 2 kilometer fence that Etienne is talking about will help eliminate the tunnels being built since there won´t be as many tunnels being built, it will be easier to track them down and destroy the tunnels.
Yes as the Egyptian delegate Gui said, it will be much harder for the smugglers to build the tunnels since the distance is 2 km instead of 700 meters which is the average lenght of the current tunnels, so making them longer increases the chances of collapsing, it also makes it harder because of the fact that there will not be enough oxygen in the tunnels so the smugglers will need to buy oxygen pumps and use them to pump oxygen into the tunnels making them easier to be detected. i have done reaserch on this topic, and it is a very good solution.
Answering to what our fellow delegate of Israel has asked, which was about whether somebody had already taken action on this before, well actually U.S has already tried to stop the arms smuggling stop, but setting up an operation which they called Operation Cast Lead. This did slow down the trafficking of weapons, but did not even go close to making it stop. So yes there has been something done about it, but it has not proven to be very effective.
Delegates of Egypt could one of you clarify how your solution to stop gun smuggling through the Gaza strip is going to work. Because i didn't understand how the fence will stop underground tunnels from passing through...
the fence isn't there to stop people from going under it, thats why were proposing to make 2 fences (add 1 more since there already is one) and have them 2 kilometers apart so that if they will have to build longer tunnels, which will make things a lot harder for the tunnelers and easier for the guards to spot the tunnels like Etienne said there going to need air pumps or the tunnels and the people smuggling the guns, people or what ever there smuggling will die in the process due to no air... they will suffocate. And the air pumps will make it easier for the guards to find the tunnels.
dear delegate of Iraq, the Egyptian Delegation is glad to inform you that Iraq is indeed not involved in this arms smuggling affair. Iraq has never brought any weapons into the Gaza Strip or to my knowledge has sold any weapons to the arms smugglers, so Iraq is free from this.